R. D. Meikle, Flora of Cyprus 2. 1985
but modified
1Leaves thinly coriaceous or papyraceous, deciduous with the development of the young growth in spring; semi-evergreen tree
1'Leaves rigid, coriaceous; evergreen trees or shrubs
2Leaf-margins spinose-dentate; lamina bright green, glabrous or subglabrous on both surfaces
2'Leaf-margins not spinose-dentate; lamina dark shining green above, golden- or brown-tomentose below